Acceptance and utilization of LTER data requires that:
(1) The Principal Investigator be sent a notice stating reasons for acquiring any data and a description of the publication intentions.
(2) The Principal Investigator of the data set be sent a copy of the report or manuscript prior to submission and be adequately cited in any resultant publications.
(3) A copy of any resultant publications should be sent to:
Marine Biological Laboratory
7 MBL St.
Woods Hole, MA 02543
|Dataset URLs:||METADATA: HTML, Rich Text, XML(EML compliant) |
DATA: Comma Delimited, Excel file with Metadata and data
|Dataset Title:||Above- and belowground biomass of S. alterniflora in elevational marsh planter experiments|
|Investigator 1:|| |
|Address line 1:||Dept of Biological Sciences|
|Address line 2:|
|Address line 3:||University of SC|
|Investigator 2:|| |
|Address line 1:||Baruch Marine Field Laboratory|
|Address line 3:||PO Box 1630|
|Associate Investigators:||Diana Rodriguez|
|Keywords:||PIE LTER, Plum Island Ecosystems, Massachusetts, Rowley River, primary production, disturbance, aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, marsh elevation, salt marsh, Spartina alterniflora, Spartina patens|
|Abstract:||Spartina is grown in experimental elevation planters placed in draining ponds on the salt marsh platform. The planters are constructed from PVC pipes of varying lengths. All of the PVC pipes are open at the bottom, and flush to the mudflat surface of the pond, resulting in the tops of the pipes being situated at various relative elevations within the tidal range. Plants growing in the shorter PVC pipes are flooded for a longer duration of each tidal cycle than plants growing in the taller PVC pipes. The growth response of S. alterniflora when exposed to different flood frequencies is monitored by monthly estimates of biomass (determined non-destructively from plant heights) and by destructive 'harvesting' of all above- and belowground plant material at the end of the growing season.|
|Contact:||Plum Island Ecosystems LTER Information Manager
The Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Lab
7 MBL St
Woods Hole, MA 02543
Phone (508) 289 7485
Online URL: http://pie-lter.ecosystems.mbl.edu
|DATA FILE INFORMATION:|
|Data File URL||http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/PIE/data/LTE/data/LTE-MP-LPA-elev_planter.csv|
|Data File Name||LTE-MP-LPA-elev_planter|
|Number of Data Records||399|
|Other Files to Reference|
|Availability Status||type 1|
|Quality Control Information|
|Maintenance Description||Collections occur approximately monthly from May through September. Database is updated once annually, usually in the winter. Study and data collection are ongoing as of Sept 2016.|
|Log of Changes:||Version 01, 10Sep2013, metadata and data updated to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Sep2013.xlsm 9/10/13 12:02 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0|
|Version 02: April 18, 2014, 2013 data and metadata updated (Comments variable added) to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Research location name and description updated.Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Sep2013.xlsm 9/30/13 02:57 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0|
|Version 03: February 10, 2015, data and metadata updates to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Jan2015.xlsm 1/15/15 4:26 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0|
|Version 04: March 7, 2016, corrected elevplanter02 latitude, data and metadata updates to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Mar2016.xlsm 3/07/16 3:34 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0|
|Version 05: September 20, 2017, data and metadata updates to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Jun2017.xlsm 6/15/17 10:23 AM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0|
|Geographic Description||Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site 1 of PIE LTER Spartina alterniflora elevation planter experiment||Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site 2 of PIE LTER Spartina alterniflora elevation planter experiment||Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site 3 of PIE LTER Spartina patens elevation planter experiment||Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site 4 of PIE LTER Spartina patens elevation planter experiment|
|Location Bounding Box|
|West Bounding Coordinate|
|East Bounding Coordinate|
|North Bounding Coordinate|
|South Bounding Coordinate|
|OR if single point location|
|Organisms studied||Spartina alterniflora; Spartina patens|
|Methods:||Experimental Elevation Planters:|
There have been 4 experimental elevation planters located at Law's Pt. Each planter has 6 replicate pots each of 6 levels. Level 1 is the lowest level and is more frequently inundated than the other levels. Level 6 is the highest level and is inundated least frequently. Pots are constructed from varying lengths (in 15-cm increments) of 6" diameter PVC pipe. All of the PVC pipes are open at the bottom, and flush to the mudflat surface of the pond, resulting in the tops of the pipes being situated, step-wise, at various relative elevations within the tidal range. The entire structure resembles a staircase. Elevations of the pots in all 4 planters range from about 52 - 164 cm NAVD88. (about 0.5m above MSL to about 0.2m above MHHW). Planter 1 was established in 2002 and dismantled after the 2009 experiment. It had additional levels added to it in 2008. Planter 2 was established in 2006, and discontinued after it was dislodged by ice during winter 2014/2015. Planter 3 was established in 2015. It has been planted exclusively with S. patens. Planter 4 was established in 2015. It has been planted with exclusively S. patens. (see LTE-MP-LPP-elev_planter).
Replicate pots are filled with sediment from the draining pond in which they are situated in either late fall or early spring. Plugs of S. alterniflora are collected from the marsh platform near the planter, and transplanted into the pots. Every attempt is made to ensure that all plugs are the same size (surface area and depth) and contain the same number of plants of about the same height. However, often times the natural marsh is not yet well established, and there is variability within the initial plantings. Marsh plugs are approximately 4-5" in diameter and 5-6" in depth. In 2011 marsh plugs were 2" diameter x 6" deep, and in 2013 marsh plugs were 4" diameter x 6" deep.
Standing biomass in the replicate pots are estimated approximately monthly in 2002, 2003, 2008-2011 and 2013. The height of each plant (excluding flowers) in each pot is measured and read (along with level and replicate information) into a digital recorder. Plant height data are transcribed into an EXCEL spreadsheet, and processed with FORTRAN algorithms (Morris and Haskin, 1990, Ecology 71(6):2209-2217) to convert plant height to plant weight.
At the end of the growing season (mid-Aug to mid-Nov), the planter is 'harvested'. The contents of each replicate pot (live shoots, dead shoots, roots, rhizomes, peat, sediment, dead belowground macro organic matter) are removed from the planter. Shoots are clipped at the sediment surface, sorted into live and dead plants, counted, dried (60C) and weighed. Belowground portions from each pot are washed of sediment and seived (2.5mm) to collect all plant material (live and dead), sometimes sorted into live and dead fractions, dried (60C) and weighed.
Various monitoring, planting, and harvesting protocols have been used throughout the years to accomodate various experimental goals (e.g. fertilization, plant age, plant species, belowground biomass distribution, substrate type). Only data from untreated, single year replicates of S. alterniflora are included in this dataset. Following are exceptions to the general protocol described above. In 2002, the harvest occured after all plants had senesced, therefore aboveground peak biomass was estimated from July plant height data. In 2002 only half the pots were harvested. In 2003, the harvest occured after all plants had senseced, therefore aboveground peak biomass was estimated from July plant height data. In 2003, only half the pots were 1yr old. In 2005, belowground material was sorted into live and dead, and only live belowground material was retained. In 2006, plant density was not determined. In 2011, a substrate experiment was conducted in the planter; only half the pots were filled with natural (control) sediments collected as described above. Belowground material was seived to 1mm. In 2013, plants were not harvested, therefore peak aboveground biomass was estimated from August plant height data. For 2014, the harvest data (density, AG biomass and BG biomass) are for plants that were planted in spring 2013 and overwintered. In 2014, live rhizomes were separated from the BG biomass (BGL RHIZOME). The remainder is identified as BG NON-RHIZOME.
Elevations of the pots relative to NAVD88 are determined approximately annually by FastStatic measurements using a Trimble 4800 receiver and TSC-1 controller (from UNAVCO www.unavco.org).
|Variable Name||Variable Description||Units||Measurement Scale||Code Information||Number Type||DateTime Format||Missing Value Code||Missing Value Code Explanation|
|PLANTER ID||current name of sampling station, following naming protocol||nominal||1=planter 1 (LTE-MP-LPA_elevplanter01) | 2=planter 2 (LTE-MP-LPA_elevplanter02)|3=planter 3 (LTE-MP-LPP_elevplanter03) | 4=planter 4 (LTE-MP-LPP_elevplanter04)|
|PLANT SPECIES||species of plant used in experiments||nominal|
|BEGIN DATE||date plant plugs were transplanted into planter||datetime||mm/dd/yyyy|
|AG DATE||date aboveground biomass was collected||datetime||mm/dd/yyyy|
|BG DATE||date belowground biomass was collected||datetime||mm/dd/yyyy||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|LEVEL||level of experimental planter||nominal|
|ELEV NAVD88||elevation of the level relative to NAVD88||centimeter||ratio||real|
|AGE||number of growing seasons in planter||nominal|
|AGL DENSITY||aboveground live plant density||numberPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|AGL BIOMASS||aboveground live biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|AGD BIOMASS||standing dead biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|AGT BIOMASS||total (live+dead) aboveground biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|BGL BIOMASS||belowground live biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|BGL RHIZOMES||belowground live rhizome biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|BG NON-RHIZOME||belowground non-rhizome biomass (i.e. live roots and all dead material)||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|BGD BIOMASS||belowground dead biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|BGT BIOMASS||total belowground biomass||gramPerMeterSquared||ratio||real||dnc||dnc = data not collected|
|COMMENTS||Information pertaining to individual data points||nominal||dnc||dnc = data not collected|