Plum Island Ecosystems LTER Database

Acceptance and utilization of LTER data requires that:

(1) The Principal Investigator be sent a notice stating reasons for acquiring any data and a description of the publication intentions.
(2) The Principal Investigator of the data set be sent a copy of the report or manuscript prior to submission and be adequately cited in any resultant publications.
(3) A copy of any resultant publications should be sent to:

Principal Investigator
Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Laboratory
7 MBL St.
Woods Hole, MA 02543

Dataset URLs:METADATA: HTML, Rich Text, XML(EML compliant)
DATA: Comma Delimited, Excel file with Metadata and data
Dataset ID:LTE-MP-SET-raw.10
Dataset Title:Marsh surface elevation data from three marsh fertilization experimental research sites.
Investigator 1: 
First Name:Jim
Last Name:Morris
Address line 1:Dept of Biological Sciences
Address line 2:
Address line 3:University of SC
City:Columbia
State:SC
Zip Code:29208
Country:USA
Investigator 2: 
First Name:Karen
Last Name:Sundberg
Address line 1:Baruch Marine Field Laboratory
Address line 3:PO Box 1630
City:Georgetown
State:SC
Zip Code:29442
Country:USA
Associate Investigators:Robert Daoust, Helen Marshall, Diana Rodriguez
Keywords:PIE LTER, Plum Island Ecosystems, Massachusetts, Rowley River, Parker River, organic matter, inorganic nutrients, SET, surface elevation, accretion, salt marsh, ammonium, phosphate, Typha, Spartina
Abstract:A Surface Elevation Table (SET) is used to measure changes in the elevation of the marsh surface at three long term marsh fertilization experimental research sites. The sites include one Typha-dominated brackish marsh, one Spartina alterniflora-dominated salt marsh, and one S. patens-dominated salt marsh. Sites are located on the Rowley and upper Parker Rivers in the Plum Island Ecosystem (PIE) LTER site.
Contact: Plum Island Ecosystems LTER Information Manager
The Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Lab
7 MBL St
Woods Hole, MA 02543
Phone (508) 289 7485
Email: pie_im@mbl.edu
Online URL: http://pie-lter.ecosystems.mbl.edu
DATA FILE INFORMATION:
Data File URL http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/PIE/data/LTE/data/LTE-MP-SET-raw.csv
Data File Name LTE-MP-SET-raw
Beginning Date 6/28/1999
End Date 9/30/2013
Number of Data Records 26730
Other Files to Reference
Availability Status type 1
Quality Control Information
Maintenance Description Collections occur every month from May through October. Database is updated once annually, usually in the winter. Study and data collection are ongoing as of Dec 2013.
Log of Changes: Version 01: July 11, 2006 Level 3+ EML using Jim Laundre's Excel program
Version 02: January 10, 2007 data and metadata update
Version 03: March 12, 2008 Data and metadata update
Version 04: February 20, 2009 Data and metadata update, Elevation change variable removed from data set
Version 05: January 13, 2010 Data and metadata update
Version 06: October 25, 2011 Data and metadata update
Version 07: January 12, 2012, 2011 data and metadata update, using MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007.xlsm 1/12/12 11:51AM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
Version 08: March 15, 2013, 2012 data and metadata updated to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Research location name and description updated.Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007.xlsm 3/14/13 12:02 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
Version 09: January 10, 2014, 2013 data and metadata updated to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Research location name and description updated.Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Sep2013.xlsm 9/30/13 02:57 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
Version 10: April 17, 2014, 2013 update, data and metadata comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Research location name and description updated.Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007_Sep2013.xlsm 9/30/13 02:57 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
 
RESEARCH LOCATION: LTE-MP-LPA north SET post (plots 2and4) LTE-MP-LPA mid SET post (plots 9and7) LTE-MP-LPA south SET post (plots12and10) LTE-MP-LPP north SET post (plots 7and5) LTE-MP-LPP mid SET post (plots 10and8) LTE-MP-LPP south SET post (plots11and9) LTE-MP-ORT SET  
Geographic Description Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina alterniflora plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 2and4 at LPA boardwalk. Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina alterniflora plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 9and7 at LPA boardwalk. Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina alterniflora plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 12and10 at LPA boardwalk. Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina patens plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 7and5 at LPP boardwalk. Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina patens plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 10and8 at LPP boardwalk. Law's Point on Rowley River, Rowley, MA, site of PIE LTER Spartina patens plot level fertilization experiment. SET post between plots 11and9 at LPP boardwalk. Upper Parker River off Orchard St., Newbury, MA, site of Typha sp. plot level fertilization experiment. SET off ORT boardwalk at Great Meadow Farm (Orchard St, Byfield, MA).  
Location Bounding Box                
West Bounding Coordinate                
East Bounding Coordinate                
North Bounding Coordinate                
South Bounding Coordinate                
OR if single point location                
Latitude 42.7309528472222 42.7309432916667 42.7309307611111 42.7317817055556 42.7317464388889 42.7317393583333 42.757  
Longitude -70.8429676361111 -70.8429464888889 -70.8429646416667 -70.8424484861111 -70.8424564194444 -70.8424328916667 -70.918  
Elevation ~1.1m NAVD88 ~1.1m NAVD88 ~1.1m NAVD88 ~1.4m NAVD88 ~1.4m NAVD88 ~1.4m NAVD88    
                 
                 
 
TAXONOMIC COVERAGE:
Taxonomic Protocols
Organisms studied Typha; Spartina alterniflora; Spartina patens
 
Methods:General:
There are three on-going plot-level fertilization sites. The first (LTE-MP-LPA) is in the S. alterniflora-dominated low marsh at Law's Point between the Rowley River and West Creek. The second (LTE-MP-LPP) is in the S. patens-dominated high marsh at Law's Point between the Rowley River and West Creek. The third (LTE-MP-ORT) is in a Typha-dominated brackish water marsh on an upstream tributary of the Parker River. SET sampling at the LTE-MP-ORT)was discontinued after May 2008.

At each site a system of boardwalks was built to incorporate 12 experimental plots (1m2 each). There are 4 treatments (three reps each) within the boardwalk structure. The 4 treatments are Control, N-fertilized, P-fertilized, N+P fertilized. Additionally, at each site there are 3 control plots and 3 N+P fertilization plots external to the boardwalk structure. These external plots contain porewater samplers, and, in some cases, biomass census plots. In May 2006 the control porewater plots and control census plots at all three sites were moved because of potential contamination from fertilized plots.

Fertilizer is buried at several locations within each plot, approximately monthly, from May-Sept. From 1999-2001 the annual fertilization rate was 30 molN/m2/y and 15 mol P/m2/y. From 2002 to present fertilization rate is 7.5 mol N/m2/y and/or 3.75 mol P/m2/y. N fertilizer was NH4NO3 through 2008, and currently is nitrate/urea/sulfate (34-0-0). P fertilizer is P2O5 (0-44-0).

Sampling Description:
Triplicate original-style SET benchmark posts were installed between fertilized and control plots in 1999 at LTE-MP-LPA and 2000 at LTE-MP-LPP and LTE-MP-ORT. Each SET consists of a permanently-installed post and a removable arm. The arm has a vertical and a horizontal component. The vertical component fits into the SET benchmark post; the horizontal component reaches out over an experimental subplot and has a square plate at the end through which 9 pins are lowered. Each SET benchmark post is positioned such that 27 elevation readings can be taken in a fertilized plot (9 readings in each of 3 subplots) and 27 elevation readings can be taken in a control plot (9 readings in each of 3 subplots). Plots are numbered; subplots are identified as L, C, or R for left, center and right, when facing the plot (back to the SET post). To measure pin heights, the SET arm is locked in place over each subplot and the plate at the end of the arm is leveled. The 9 brass pins are then lowered to touch the sediment surface and held in place with a clip. Pin heights are measured from the top of the nut on the plate to the top of the pin, and read into a digital recorder. The recordings are transcribed into one master SET pin height data set. SET readings occur approximately monthly, from May-October at LTE-MP-LPA and LTE-MP-LPP, and in May and October only at LTE-MP-ORT. Sampling at the ORT SET was discontinued in 2008.

The horizontal portion of the removable part of the PIE LTER SET can be correctly installed and leveled in several positions: i.e. the arm can be extended all the way forward, all the way back, and anywhere in between. All SET measurements are made with the arm all the way back, i.e. with the plate being as close to the SET post as possible and the SET arm being as short as possible.

The SET was manufactured by Nolanís Machine Shop in Lafayette LA; 337-235-5261. Replacement pins or collars can be purchased from Nolanís. Stainless steel parts (roll pins etc) come from McMaster-Carr. Measuring pins are held in place with badge clips, available at office supply stores.

NOTE about calculating marsh elevation:
Marsh elevation can be determined using a combination of pin ht, SET geometry, and the results of GPS surveys. SET sites at LTE-MP-LPA and LTE-MP-LPP were surveyed in 2009 by MBL staff using FastStatic measurements with a Trimble 4800 receiver and TSC-1 controller (from UNAVCO www.unavco.org). At each SET post (3 per site) the elevation of the SET plate was determined when the arm is in the center subplot, pointing north (towards West Creek), and levelled. The elevations of the SET plate in m NAVD88 are listed below:

LTE-MP-LPA plots 2&4: 1.826m
LTE-MP-LPA plots 9&7: 1.799m
LTE-MP-LPA plots 12&10: 1.832m
LTE-MP-LPP plots 7&5: 2.148m
LTE-MP-LPP plots 10&8: 2.146m
LTE-MP-LPP plots 11&9: 2.200m

The elevation of the SET plate can be used directly with the SET geometry and the pin height measurements found in the dataset to calculate the elevation of the marsh as follows. Total pin length for the original SETs is 91.44cm and the height of the nut on the plate is 1.0 cm. Therefore the marsh surface is at: (plate elevation (in m) - (0.9144 - (pin height (in m) + 0.01)). For example for LPA plot 2 subplot C in June 1999 pin 1 the pin ht is 15.3cm and the plate elevation is 1.826m. The marsh elevation is (1.826-(0.9144-(0.153+0.01))) or 1.0746m above NAVD88.

Data Table

Variable Name Variable Description Units Measurement Scale Code Information Number Type DateTime Format Missing Value Code Missing Value Code Explanation
YEAR year   datetime     yyyy    
MONTH month   datetime     mmm    
DAY day   datetime     dd    
SITE current name of sampling station, following naming protocol   nominal          
PLOT plot   nominal          
TRT treatment   nominal NP=fertilized | C=control        
SUBPLOT subplot   nominal          
PIN pin identification number   nominal          
PIN HEIGHT measured height of pin above sampling plate centimeter ratio   real   . .=not measured
COMMENTS information pertaining to individual data points   nominal       NA NA = not available