Translation of the Potential Vegetation of the Conterminous United States (Küchler 1975)a to the vegetation classifications (TEMVEG, IGSMVEG) used by the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model

Küchlerís Description of Vegetation Type Küchler TEMVEG IGSMVEG
Spruce-cedar hemlock forest (Picea - Thuja - Tsuga) l 9 1
Cedar-hemlock-Douglar fir forest (Thuja-Tsuga-Pseudotsuga) 2 9 1
Silver fir-Douglas fir forest (Abies-Pseudotsuga) 3 9 1
Fir-hemlock forest (Abies-Tsuga) 4 9 1
Mixed conifer forest (Abies-Pinus-Pseudotsuga) 5 9 1
Redwood forest (Sequoia-Pseudotsuga) 6 9 1
Red fir forest (Abies) 7 9 1
Lodgepole pine-subalpine forest (Pinus-Tsuga) 8 9 1
Pine-cypress forest (Pinus-Cupressus) 9 9 1
Ponderosa shrub forest (Pinus) 10 9 1
Western ponderosa forest (Pinus) 11 9 1
Douglas fir forest (Pseudotsuga) 12 9 1
Cedar-hemlock-pine forest (Thuja-Tsuga-Pinus) 13 9 1
Grand fir-Douglas fir forest (Abies-Pseudotsuga) 14 9 1
Western spruce-fir forest (Picea-Abies) 15 4 2
Eastern ponderosa forest (Pinus) 16 9 1
Black Hills pine forest (Pinus) 17 9 1
Pine-Douglas fir forest (Pinus-Pseudotsuga) 18 9 1
Arizona pine forest (Pinus) 19 9 1
Spruce-fir-Douglas fir forest (Picea-Abies-Pseudotsuga) 20 9 1
Southwestern spruce-fir forest (Picea-Abies) 21 4 2
Great Basin pine forest (Pinus) 22 9 1
Juniper-pinyon woodland (Juniperus-Pinus) 23 15 10
Juniper steppe woodland (Juniperus-Artemisia-Agropyron) 24 15 10
Alder-ash forest (Alnus-Fraxinus) 25 25 28
Oregon oakwoods (Quercus) 26 10 7
Mesquite bosques (Prosopis) 27 10 7
Mosaic of 2 and 26 28 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
California mixed evergreen forest (Quercus-Arbutus-Pseudotsuga) 29 8 1(50%), 5(50%)
California oakwoods (Quercus) 30 33 5
Oak-juniper-woodland (Quercus-Juniperus) 31 19 6
Transition between 31 and 37 32 19 6
Chaparral (Adenostoma-Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus) 33 35 9
Montane chaparral (Arctostaphylos-Castanopsis-Ceanothus) 34 35 9
Coastal sagebrush (Salvia-Eriogonum) 35 35 9
Mosaic of 30 and 35 36 35 9
Mountain mahogany-oak scrub (Cercocarpus-Quercus) 37 19 6
Great Basin sagebrush (Artemisia) 38 15 10
Blackbrush (Coleogyne) 39 15 10
Saltbush-greasewood (Atriplex-Sarcobatus) 40 15 10
Creosote bush (Larrea) 41 15 10
Creosote bush-bur sage (Larrea-Franseria) 42 15 10
Palo verde-cactus shrub (Cercidium-Opuntia) 43 15 10
Creosote bush-tarbush (Larrea-Flourensia) 44 15 10
Ceniza shrub (Leucophyllum-Larrea-Prosopis) 45 15 10
Desert: vegetation largely absent 46 21 0
Fescue-oatgrass (Festuca-Danthonia) 47 13 13
California steppe (Stipa) 48 13 13
Tule marshes (Scirpus-Typha) 49 24 20
Fescue-wheatgrass (Festuca-Agropyron) 50 13 13
Wheatgrass-bluegrass (Agropyron-Poa) 51 13 13
Alpine meadows and barren (Agrostis, Carex, Festuca, Poa) 52 2 0
Grama-galleta steppe (Bouteloua-Hilaria) 53 13 13
Grama-tobosa prairie (Bouteloua-Hilaria) 54 13 13
Sagebrush steppe (Artemisia-Agropyron) 55 15 10
Wheatgrass-needlegrass shrubsteppe (Agropyron-Stipa-Artemisia) 56 15 10
Galleta-three awn shrubsteppe (Hilaria-Aristida) 57 15 10
Grama-tobosa shrubsteppe (Bouteloua-Hilaria-Larrea) 58 15 10
Trans-Pecos shrub savanna (Flourensia-Larrea) 59 15 10
Mesquite savanna (Prosopis-Hilaria) 60 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Mesquite-acacia savanna (Prosopis-Acacia-Andropogon-Setaria) 61 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Mesquite-live oak savanna (Prosopis-Quercus-Andropogon) 62 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Foothills prairie (Agropyron-Festuca-Stipa) 63 13 13
Grama-needlegrass-wheatgrass (Bouteloua-Stipa-Agropyron) 64 13 13
Grama-buffalo grass (Bouteloua-Buchloë) 65 13 13
Wheatgrass-needlegrass (Agropyron-Stipa) 66 13 13
Wheatgrass-bluestem-needlegrass (Agropyron-Andropogon-Stipa) 67 12 14
Wheatgrass-grama-buffalo grass (Agropyron-Bouteloua-Buchloë) 68 13 13
Bluestem-grama prairie (Andropogon-Bouteloua) 69 12 14
Sandsage-bluestem prairie (Artemisia-Andropogon) 70 12 14
Shinnery (Quercus-Andropogon) 71 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Sea oats prairie (Uniola-Andropogon) 72 13 13
Northern cordgrass prairie (Distichlis-Spartina) 73 12 14
Bluestem prairie (Andropogon-Panicum-Sorghastrum) 74 12 14
Nebraska Sandhills prairie (Andropogon-Calamovilfa) 75 12 14
Blackland prairie (Andropogon-Stipa) 76 12 14
Bluestem-sacahuista prairie (Andropogon-Spartina) 77 12 14
Southern cordgrass prairie (Spartina) 78 28 24
Palmetto prairie (Serenoa-Aristida) 79 14 6(30%), 14(70%)
Marl-Everglades (Mariscus and Persea-Taxodium) 80 22 18
Oak savanna (Quercus-Andropogon) 81 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Mosaic of 74 and 100 82 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Cedar glades (Juniperus-Quercus-Sporobolus) 83 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Cross timbers (Quercus-Andropogon) 84 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Mesquite-buffalo grass (Prosopis-Buchloë) 85 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Juniper-oak savanna (Juniperus-Quercus-Andropogon) 86 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Mesquite-oak savanna (Prosopis-Quercus-Andropogon) 87 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Fayette prairie (Andropogon-Buchloë) 88 31 7(30%), 14(70%)
Blackbelt (Liquidambar-Quercus-Juniperus) 89 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Live oak-sea oats (Quercus-Uniola) 90 33 5
Cypress savanna (Taxodium-Mariscus) 91 27 17(30%), 18(70%)
Everglades (Mariscus and Magnolia-Persea) 92 27 17(30%), 18(70%)
Great Lakes spruce-fir forest (Picea-Abies) 93 4 2
Conifer bog (Larix-Picea-Thuja) 94 5 21
Great Lakes pine forest (Pinus) 95 9 1
Northeastern spruce-fir forest (Picea-Abies) 96 4 2
Southeastern spruce-fir forest (Picea-Abies) 97 9 1
Northern floodplain forest (Populus-Salix-Ulmus) 98 10 7
Maple-basswood forest (Acer-Tilia) 99 10 7
Oak-hickory forest (Quercus-Carya) 100 10 7
Elm-ash forest (Ulmus-Fraxinus) 101 10 7
Beech-maple forest (Fagus-Acer) 102 10 7
Mixed mesophytic forest (Acer-Aesculus-Fagus-Liriodendron-Quercus-Tilia) 103 10 7
Appalachian oak forest (Quercus) 104 10 7
Mangrove (Avicennia-Rhizophora) 105 29 23
Northern hardwoods (Acer-Betula-Fagus-Tsuga) 106 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Northern hardwoods-fir forest (Acer-Betula-Abies-Tsuga) 107 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Northern hardwoods-spruce forest (Acer-Betula-Fagus-Picea-Tsuga) 108 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Transition between 104 and 106 109 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Northeastern oak-pine forest (Quercus-Pinus) 110 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Oak-hickory-pine forest (Quercus-Carya-Pinus) 111 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Southern mixed forest (Fagus-Liquidambar-Magnolia-Pinus-Quercus) 112 8 1(50%), 7(50%)
Southern floodplain forest (Quercus-Nyssa-Taxodium) 113 11 19
Pocosin (Pinus-Ilex) 114 11 19
Sand pine scrub (Pinus-Quercus) 115 35 9
Subtropical pine forest (Pinus-Tetrazygia) 116 9 1

aKüchler, A. W. (1975) Potential Natural Vegetation of the Conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36, Second edition, American Geographical Society, New York, New York.