Several spatially explicit precipitation data sets have
been used to extrapolate TEM across the the conterminous United
States (VEMAP), Alaska (VEMAP) and the globe (Legates and
Willmott, Cramer and Leemans, CCMLP and CRU). In addition, TEM
has also been coupled to MIT's Integrated Global System Model (IGSM)
to examine future precipitation under various climate change scenarios.
Unfortunately, agreements with many of the data suppliers prevent us
from redistributing the data sets used in our model extrapolations.
However, we are able to provide links in the table below to sites
where the reader may be able to obtain these data sets with their own
arrangements with the data suppliers.
- Cramer, W. P., and R. Leemans. 2001. Global 30-Year Mean
Monthly Climatology, 1930-1960, V[ersion]. 2.1 (Cramer and
Leemans). Data set. Available on-line
[http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
- Kittel, T.G.F, N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel,
H.H. Fisher, A. Grimsdell, VEMAP Participants, C. Daly, and E.R.
Hunt, Jr. 1996. The VEMAP Phase I database: An integrated input
dataset for ecosystem and vegetation modeling for the conterminous
United States. CDROM and World Wide Web
- Kittel, TGF, N.A. Rosenbloom, J.A. Royle, C. Daly, W.P. Gibson,
H.H. Fisher, P. Thornton, D.N. Yates, S. Aulenbach, C. Kaufman, R.
McKeown, D. Bachelet, D.S. Schimel, VEMAP2 Participants. 2004.
VEMAP Phase 2 bioclimatic database. I. Gridded historical (20th)
century climate for modeling ecosystem dynamics across the
conterminous USA. Climate Research 27(2), 151-170.
- Legates, D. R., and C. J. Willmott (1988) Global air temperature
and precipitation data archive. Department of Geography, University
of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
- McGuire, A. D., S. Sitch, J. S. Clein, R. Dargaville, G. Esser,
J. Foley, M. Heimann, F. Joos, J. Kaplan, D. W. Kicklighter, R. A.
Meier, J. M. Melillo, B. Moore III, I. C. Prentice, N. Ramankutty,
T. Reichenau, A. Schloss, H. Tian, L. J. Williams and U. Wittenberg
(2001) Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere in the twentieth
century: analyses of CO2, climate and land-use effects with four
process-based ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles
15(1), 183-206. (for CCMLP)
- Mitchell, T.D., 2004. An improved method of constructing a
database of monthly climate observations and associated
high resolution grids. About to be submitted.(for CRU TS2.1)
- Mitchell, T.D., T. R. Carter, P. D. Jones, M. Hulme and M. New
(2004) A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly
climate for Europe and the globe: the observed record (1901-2000)
and 16 scenarios (2001-2100). Working Paper 55. Tyne Centre for
Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
(for CRU TS 2.02)