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The re-use of scientific data has the potential to greatly increase communication, collaboration and synthesis within and among disciplines, and thus is fostered, supported and encouraged. Permission to use this dataset is granted to the Data User free of charge subject to the following terms:

1) Acceptable use. Use of the dataset will be restricted to academic, research, educational, government, recreational, or other not-for-profit professional purposes. The Data User is permitted to produce and distribute derived works from this dataset provided that they are released under the same license terms as those accompanying this Data Set. Any other uses for the Data Set or its derived products will require explicit permission from the dataset owner.
2 ) Redistribution. The data are provided for use by the Data User. The metadata and this license must accompany all copies made and be available to all users of this Data Set. The Data User will not redistribute the original Data Set beyond this collaboration sphere.
3 ) Citation. It is considered a matter of professional ethics to acknowledge the work of other scientists. Thus, the Data User will properly cite the Data Set in any publications or in the metadata of any derived data products that were produced using the Data Set. Citation should take the following general form: Creator, Year of Data Publication, Title of Dataset, Publisher, Dataset identifier. For example:

Shaver, G. 1989. Above ground biomass in acidic tussock tundra experimental site, 1989, Arctic LTER, Toolik, Alaska. Arctic LTER, Marine Biological Lab, Woods Hole, Ma 02543. 1989gsttbm http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/arc/terrest/biomass/index.shtml 

4 ) Acknowledgement. The Data User should acknowledge any institutional support or specific funding awards referenced in the metadata accompanying this dataset in any publications where the Data Set contributed significantly to its content. Acknowledgements should identify the supporting party, the party that received the support, and any identifying information such as grant numbers. For example:

Data sets were provided by the Arctic LTER. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants #DEB-981022, 9211775, 8702328; #OPP-9911278, 9911681, 9732281, 9615411, 9615563, 9615942, 9615949, 9400722, 9415411, 9318529; #BSR 9019055, 8806635, 8507493.

5 ) Notification. The Data User will notify the Data Set Contact when any derivative work or publication based on or derived from the Data Set is distributed. The Data User will provide the data contact with two reprints of any publications resulting from use of the Data Set and will provide copies, or on-line access to, any derived digital products. Notification will include an explanation of how the Data Set was used to produce the derived work.
6 ) Collaboration. The Data Set has been released in the spirit of open scientific collaboration. Data Users are thus strongly encouraged to consider consultation, collaboration and/or co-authorship with the Data Set Creator.

By accepting this Data Set, the Data User agrees to abide by the terms of this agreement. The Data Owner shall have the right to terminate this agreement immediately by written notice upon the Data User's breach of, or non-compliance with, any of its terms. The Data User may be held responsible for any misuse that is caused or encouraged by the Data User's failure to abide by the terms of this agreement.

Disclaimer

While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and documentation contained in this Data Set, complete accuracy of data and metadata cannot be guaranteed. All data and metadata are made available "as is". The Data User holds all parties involved in the production or distribution of the Data Set harmless for damages resulting from its use or interpretation.

Dataset URLs:METADATA: HTML, Rich Text, XML(EML compliant)
DATA: Comma Delimited, Excel file with Metadata and data
Dataset ID:94dltlh.3
Dataset Title:Hourly weather data from Toolik Field Station, ARC LTER, Alaska for 1994.
Investigator 1: 
First Name:Gus
Last Name:Shaver
Organization:Marine Biological Lab
Address line 2:Ecosystems Center
Address line 3:7 MBL St
City:Woods Hole
State:MA
Zip Code:02543
Country:USA
Investigator 2: 
First Name:Jim
Last Name:Laundre
Organization:Marine Biological Lab
Address line 2:Ecosystems Center
Address line 3:7 MBL St
City:Woods Hole
State:MA
Zip Code:02543
Country:USA
Associate Investigators:
Keywords:weather, temperature, radiation, wind, relative humidity
Abstract:Hourly weather data from the Arctic Tundra LTER site at Toolik Lake. The following parameters are measured every minute and averaged or totaled every hour: air temperature and relative humidity at 1 and 5 meters, wind speed at 1 and 5 meters, wind direction at 5 meters, global solar radiation, photosynthetically active radiation, net radiation (Fritschen type), barometric pressure, and unfrozen precipitation.
For questions about the Metadata and data contact the Investigators.
For information about this web site contact:
Arctic LTER Information Manager
The Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Lab
7 MBL St
Woods Hole, MA 02543
Phone (508) 289 7496
Email: arc_im@mbl.edu
Online URL: http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/ARC/
DATA FILE INFORMATION:
Data File URL http://metacat.lternet.edu/das/dataAccessServlet?docid=knb-lter-arc.1524&urlTail=weather/tl/data/94dltlh.csv
Data File Name 94dltlh.dat
Beginning Date 5/1/1994
End Date 9/1/1994
Number of Data Records 8760
Other Files to Reference
Availability Status
Quality Control Information
Maintenance Description
Log of Changes: Log of changes: 27Sep95 added the winter 94 data. JL 14JUL99 Added year variable and full year to date. JL 6Dec99 Updated date and year to four digits. Changed variable names to the unified names and order. JL For Archival Use: DATE RECEIVED: Sept 1995 DATA FILE ENTERED BY: Jim Laundre DATA FILE VALIDATION: NAME: Jim Laundre DATE:27 Sept 95
Version 3: Metadata updated to newer form (with sites sheet). Units updated to current standards. Discrepancy with variable names fixed. CH April 2013.
 
RESEARCH LOCATION:                  
Location Name TFS Weather Station Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One Select Site or enter New One  
Geographic Description University of Alaska Fairbanks Toolik Field Station, North Slope of Alaska (68 degrees 38'N, 149 degrees 36'W) Enter Description Enter Description Enter Description Enter Description Enter Description Enter Description Enter Description  
Location Bounding Box                  
West Bounding Coordinate                  
East Bounding Coordinate                  
North Bounding Coordinate                  
South Bounding Coordinate                  
OR if single point location                  
Latitude 68.628228973 In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees  
Longitude -149.596001285 In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees In Decimal Degrees  
Elevation 726.5 In Meters In Meters In Meters In Meters In Meters In Meters In Meters  
Link to Google Map View on Google Map                
                   
 
TAXONOMIC COVERAGE:
Organisms studied
 
Methods:

Weather data has been collected at Toolik Lake (68 degrees 38'N, 149 degrees 36'W) by a Campbell 21x datalogger since June 1988. Sensors measured every minute and averaged or totaled every hour include: air temperature and relative humidity at 1 and 5 meters, wind speed at 1 and 5 meters, wind direction at 5 meters, global solar radiation, photosynthetically active radiation, net radiation (Fritschen type), barometric pressure, and unfrozen precipitation. Sensors measured every 10 minutes and averaged every three hours include: soil temperatures, lake temperature, lake depth, and evaporation pan depth and pan water temperature. Net radiation and pan evaporation are only measured during the summer months. The hourly data are in the file 94DLTLH.DAT, the three hourly data are in 94DLTLO.DAT, and daily summaries are in 94DLTLD.DAT. A second Campbell 21x datalogger about 700 meters from the main weather station logs air and soil temperatures and photosynthetically active radiation in the experimental treatment plots. Treatments include greenhouse, shading, and fertilization. In the control plot wind speed and direction, global solar radiation and unfrozen precipitation are also measured. This station is also used as a backup to the main weather station. The full description of the sensors and site is in file SENSORS.DOC. The original data is in file 94DLTDAT.ZIP which is archived at The Marine Biological Lab, Woods Hole, MA.

Notes: Wind speeds less than .447 are considered calm. Lake quantum stopped working in winter 1991. Quantum has an offset of -2.4. The data is not corrected. For global solar radiation and photosynthetically active radiation sensors no attempt is made to correct for frost or snow on the sensors during the winter months. Therefore winter radiation data should be view as suspect and used only qualitatively. Air temperatures at 1 and 5 meters are measured using Campbell's 207 probes. Since the thermisters range only goes to -40 Celsius, thermocouples were installed at both 1 and 5 meters. The thermocouple accuracy is +- 0.5 degree Celsius. They sometimes deviate from the 207 probes by more then 1 degree Celsius. This may be caused by differing sensor location within the radiation shield. Air Temperature at 1 meter was erratic during May and June. The reason is unknown.

Reference Citations: Buck, A.L.. 1981 New equations for computing vapor pressure
and enhancement factor. Journal of Applied Meteorology 20:1527-1532.

Sampling Description.

variable Formula
DAYS : JULIAN + (HOUR/2400)
VAPOR PRESS 5M:
If Air Temp > 0 then (RH 5M/100) * 6.1121 * exp(17.368 * AIR TEMP 5M/(238.88 + AIR TEMP 5M))
If Air Temp < 0 then (RH 5M/100) * 6.1121 * exp(17.966 * AIR TEMP 5M/(238.88 + AIR TEMP 5M))
(Buck 1981).
TOTAL J CM2 HR: PYRANOMETER * 0.3600 jcm2 * 1000 Watt/Kwatt

Data Table

Variable Name Variable Description Data Type Units DateTime Format Code Information Missing Value Code
YEAR Year in yyyy datetime   yyyy    
DATE Date of collection datetime   dd-mmm-yyyy    
MONTH Month of collection datetime   mm    
DAYS Julian plus fraction of day datetime   ddd.dd    
ID Datalogger program step. number number     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
JULIAN Julian Day datetime   ddd.dd    
HOUR Time in Alaska standard time datetime   hhmm    
RAIN Rainfall number millimeter     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
PYRANOMETER Global solar radiation (Sun + sky radiation(LI-200SB)) kilowatts/m2/s number kilowattPerMeterSquaredPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
LAKE QUANTUM QUANTUM Lake quantum sensor number micromolePerMeterSquaredPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
QUANTUM Quantum sensor number micromolePerMeterSquaredPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
AIR TEMP 1M Air temp at 1 meters in number celsius     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
AIR TEMP 5M Air temp at 5 meters in number celsius     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
RH 1M Relative humidity at 1 meters percent number percent     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
RH 5M Relative humidity at 5 meters percent number percent     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
BAROMETER Barometer readings mmHg number millimeter     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND SP 1M Wind Speed at 1 meters number meterPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
AIR TC 1M Air temp at 1 meter, (thermocouple) Celsius number celsius     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
AIR TC 5M Air temp at 5 meter, (thermocouple) Celsius number celsius     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND SP 5M Wind Speed at 5 meters in number meterPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND MAG 5M Wind vector magnitude at 5m number meterPerSecond     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND DIR 5M Wind direction at 5 meters number degree     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND STD 5M Wind direction standard deviation at 5 meters number degree     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
VAPOR PRESS 5M millibars number millibar     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
PYR J CM2 HR Total joules per sq cm integrated over an hour number joulePerCentimeterSquaredPerHour     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
WIND SECTOR Compass direction of WIND DIR 5M 45 degree sectors text        
NET RAD Net radiation number kilowattPerMeterSquared     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
DATE Stowaway The date and hour of the stowaway logger. dmm/dd/yy hr:mm. datetime   mmm-dd-yyyy hh:mm    
Stowaway 1M Air temperature measured with a Stowaway logger at 1 meter in the same radiation shield. Celsius number celsius     #N/A=Missing or Not Measured
Comments Comments on individual data points text        
Please contact arc_im@mbl.edu with questions, comments, or for technical assistance regarding this web site.