Plum Island Ecosystems LTER Database

Acceptance and utilization of LTER data requires that:

(1) The Principal Investigator be sent a notice stating reasons for acquiring any data and a description of the publication intentions.
(2) The Principal Investigator of the data set be sent a copy of the report or manuscript prior to submission and be adequately cited in any resultant publications.
(3) A copy of any resultant publications should be sent to:

Principal Investigator
Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Laboratory
7 MBL St.
Woods Hole, MA 02543

Dataset URLs:METADATA: HTML, Rich Text, XML(EML compliant)
DATA: Comma Delimited, Excel file with Metadata and data
Dataset ID:WAT-VA-SigmaNutrients.05
Dataset Title:Nutrient samples collected by Sigma Autosampler between 2001 and 2011 in three headwater sites of contrasting land use, and at the Parker and Ipswich River Dams as they enter into the estuaries.
Investigator 1: 
First Name:Wilfred
Last Name:Wollheim
Address line 1:Morse Hall
Address line 2:UNH
Address line 3:
City:Durham
State:NH
Zip Code:03824
Country:USA
Associate Investigators:Corey Lawrence, Jeff Evans, Brian Pellerin, Hap Garritt, Emily Gaines, Joe Thouin, William Lee, Aaron Strong, Christina Maki, Nat Morse, Amanda Hope, Rebecca Prosser, Catherine Caruso
Keywords:PIE LTER, inorganic nutrients, dissolved, nitrate, nitrogen, nutrients, phosphate, phosphorus, organic, carbon
Abstract:Total organic nitrogen, total organic phosphorus, and nitrate concentrations collected frequently by Sigma autosampler (or volunteers in winter) from 5 sites. Sites include three headwater sites of contrasting land use (CC= Forest, SB = suburban, CS = wetland) and at the mouth of the Ipswich and Parker Rivers where they flow into the estuary.
Contact: Plum Island Ecosystems LTER Information Manager
The Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Lab
7 MBL St
Woods Hole, MA 02543
Phone (508) 289 7485
Email: pie_im@mbl.edu
Online URL: http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/PIE/
DATA FILE INFORMATION:
Data File URL http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/PIE/data/WAT/data/WAT-VA-SigmaNutrients.csv
Data File Name WAT-VA-SigmaNutrients
Beginning Date 11/1/2001
End Date 7/2/2011
Number of Data Records 4196
Other Files to Reference All in the YSI series (for flow in the headwater sites).
Availability Status Type 1
Quality Control Information All of our analyses go through an initial QA/QC at the time of analysis. This includes replicates, standard curves and percent digestion (TP) and nitrate-nitrite conversion (NO3), as well as regular standard checks. Despite this QA/QC there are several cases in which other questions might arise, including a small number of samples for which reported NO3 values exceed TN values. See notes for additional issues regarding data quality.
Maintenance Description Updated regularly to add dates or to enter data as analysis occurs.
Log of Changes: Version 01, Sept, 2007. Updated to incorporate most recent data.
Version 02, 20 January 2010. Updated to include most recent data.
Version 03, February 20, 2011 updated data and metadata, variable names match
Version 04, 06Apr2012, data and metadata update. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007.xlsm 3/23/2012 12:08 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
Version 05, 14May2013, metadata and data updated to comply with importation to Drupal and LTER PASTA. Used MarcrosExportEML_HTML (working)pie_excel2007.xlsm 3/14/13 12:02 PM for QA/QC to EML 2.1.0
 
RESEARCH LOCATION: WAT-PR-Newbury-CC WAT-IP-Burlington-SB WAT-IP-Reading-CS WAT-IP-Ipswich-ID WAT-PR-Newbury-PD  
Geographic Description Watershed water collection and stream characterization site for Cart Creek (forest landuse), Newbury, MA Watershed water collection and stream characterization site for Saw Mill Brook (urban landuse), Burlington, MA Watershed water collection and stream characterization site for Cedar Swamp (wetland landuse), Reading, MA Watershed water collection and stream characterization site for Ipswich River Sylvania Dam, Ipswich, MA Watershed water collection and stream characterization site for Parker River Central St Dam, Newbury, MA  
Location Bounding Box            
West Bounding Coordinate            
East Bounding Coordinate            
North Bounding Coordinate            
South Bounding Coordinate            
OR if single point location            
Latitude 42.7692 42.5236 42.5495 42.677543 42.750007  
Longitude -70.9165 -71.185 -71.0909 -70.837687 -70.929216  
Elevation            
             
             
 
TAXONOMIC COVERAGE:
Taxonomic Protocols
Organisms studied
 
Methods:Samples were collected with a Sigma auto-sampler on a daily, bi-daily, flow-weighted, or time weighted frequency from each site.

Samples were preserved with sulfuric acid, except for those collected by volunteer in winter which were not acidified but frozen within 24 hours. Analysed for nitrate, TP, TN, and TOC.

Sigma installation: Sigma autosampler is placed at a convenient location on the bank of each site. Sigma is visited every three weeks to replace/check bottles and batteries. Intake is fastened to reebar suspended above the sediments to prevent intake of particulates from the stream bottom. The bottles contain sulfuric acid to preserve nutrients in their ambient form. Bottles sit out for up to 6 weeks (but most often < 3 weeks) within the sampler before being filled and collected. Occasionally spiders or other bugs are found in the samples. See notes.

Daily samples: Sigma pulls a 1L sample the same time each day (usually between 9am to 5pm).
TwoDayComposite samples: Sigma pulls a 500ml sample and places it in the same bottle over two consecutive days. (usually grabbed between 9am and 5pm)
Volunteer: A grab sample collected by a volunteer during winter period when sigma is not funcitonal.
Composite-timeweighted_*hrs - The Sigma pulls a sample every * hours and places it into a single carboy. Usually the volume of the pull is 250ml. The number of hours varied when we first switched to this technique, but is now every 6hrs (4 time per day).
Composite-flowweighted_*cms - The Sigma pulls a sample every * cubic meters per second pumped into a single carboy. The amount of cubic meters varies depending on the time of year. This technique relies on a depth sonde attached to the Sigma with associated rating curve. No longer used due to unreliablity of the depth sonde.


Samples were processed at the Ecosystems Center in Woods Hole, MA. The processing procedure includes neutralization with sodium hydroxide and sodium bicarbonate, persulfate digestion, and nitrate and phosphate analysis using a Lachat auto-analyzer or spectrophotometer.

As of 2004 TN and TOC are run together on a Shimadzu TN/TOC analyzer. Prior to 2004, TN was first digested and then run on a Lachat. TP is still digested and run on a spec. Where samples exist in archive TOC will be run to complement TNs.



NOTES AND COMMENTS: Some of the samples from this data set have yet to be run and/or need to be re-run. This file will be updated as samples are analyzed. Specifically, TN and TOC data back to 2004 is still being run to fill in holes.

Data Table

Variable Name Variable Description Units Measurement Scale Code Information Number Type DateTime Format Missing Value Code Missing Value Code Explanation
Site Field Collection Site   nominal CC = Cart Creek (forest) | CS = Cedar Swamp (wetland) | SB = Saw Mill Br (urban) | ID = Ipswich R. Dam | PD = Parker R. Dam     NA NA = not available
Year Year of collection   nominal     YYYY NA NA = not available
Date 1 Start date of sample collection   datetime     YYYY-MM-DD NA NA = not available
Date 2 End date of sample collection   datetime     YYYY-MM-DD NA NA = not available
SampleType A description of the type of sample routine used with the Sigma   nominal Daily = one days sample per bottle collected by the autosampler | TwoDayComposite = two days sample per bottle collected by the autosampler | Volunteer = one days sample collected by volunteer | Composite-timeweighted_*hrs = samples are collected every * hours and pumped into a single carboy | Composite-flowweighted_*cms = samplers are collected after every * cubic meters has passed by the sigma     NA NA = not available
TP Total Phosphorus as P. Digested to Phosphate-P measured with spectrophotometer or Lachat auto-analyzer micromolePerLiter ratio   real   NA NA = not available
TN Total Nitrogen as N. Digested to Nitrate + Nitrite and measured with a Lachat auto-analyzer or Shimadzu TN/TOC analyser. micromolePerLiter ratio   real   NA NA = not available
NO3 Nitrate + Nitrite-N as measured with a Lachat auto-analyzer micromolePerLiter ratio   real   NA NA = not available
TOC Total organic carbon as C. Total organic carbon measured with Shimadzu TN/TOC analyzer. micromolePerLiter ratio   real   NA NA = not available
Notes Comments relevant to quality of the data.   nominal 5= Samples were run on Shimadzu and were corrected for poor machine performance so these values are as accurate as possible but are not perfect | 6 = Samples were run on Shimadzu (see Gaines 2/28/06 processed TN file) and were corrected for poor machine performance so these values are as accurate as possible but are not perfect | 7=Samples were collected but have not been analyzed yet | 8 = Samples will be analyzed for TN/TOC     NA NA = not available