Translation of the Vegetation of Africa (White 1981)a to the vegetation classification (TEMVEG) used by the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model

WHITEVEG TEMVEG White’s Description of Vegetation Type
la 16 Lowland rain forest: wetter types -- Guineo-Congolian
lb 16 Lowland rain forest: wetter types -- Malagasy
2 16 Guineo-Congolian rain forest: drier types
3 16 Mosaic of la and 2
4 16 Transitional rain forest
5 16 Malagasy moist montane forest
6 16 Zambezian dry evergreen forest
7 18 Malagasy dry deciduous forest
8 17 Swamp forest
9 17 Mosaic of 8 and la
10 35 Mediterranean sclerophyllous forest
11a 16 Mosaic of lowland rain forest and secondary grassland -- Guineo-Congolian
11b 16 Mosaic of lowland rain forest and secondary grassland -- Malagasy
12 16 Mosaic of lowland rain forest, Isoberlinia woodland and secondary grassland
13 16 Mosaic of lowland rain forest, secondary grassland and montane elements
14 16 Mosaic of lowland (Guineo-Congolian) rain forest, Zambezian dry evergreen forest and secondary grassland
15 16 West African coastal mosaic
16a 16 East African coastal mosaic -- Zanzibar-Inhambane
16b -- East African coastal mosaic -- Forest patches (Zanzibar-Inhambane)
16c 16 East African coastal mosaic -- Tongaland-Pondoland
17 19 Cultivation and secondary grassland replacing upland and montane forest in Africa
18 19 Cultivation and secondary grassland replacing upland and montane forests in Madagascar
19a 19 Undifferentiated montane vegetation -- Afromontane
19b -- Undifferentiated montane vegetation -- Sahelomontane
19c -- Undifferentiated montane vegetation -- Malagasy
20 13 Transition from Afromontane scrub forest to Highveld grassland
21 16 Mosaic of Zambezian dry evergreen forest and wetter miombo woodland
22a 18 Mosaic of dry deciduous forest and secondary grassland and wooded grassland -- Zambezian
22b 18 Mosaic of dry deciduous forest and secondary grassland and wooded grassland -- Malagasy
23 33 Mosaic of Mediterranean montane forest and altimontane shrubland
24 19 Mosaic of Afromontane scrub forest, Zambezian scrub woodland, and secondary grassland
25 14 Wetter Zambezian miombo woodland
26 14 Drier Zambezian miombo woodland
27 14 Sudanian woodland with abundant Isoberlina
28 14 Colophospermum mopane woodland and scrub woodland
29a 14 Undifferentiated woodland -- Sudanian
29b 14 Undifferentiated woodland -- Ethiopian
29c 14 Undifferentiated woodland -- North Zambezian
29d 14 Undifferentiated woodland -- South Zambezian
29e 14 Undifferentiated woodland -- transition from undifferentiated Zambezian woodland to Tongaland-Pondoland bushland
30 14 Sudanian undifferentiated woodlands with islands of Isoberlina
31 14 Mosaic of wetter Zambezian woodland and secondary grassland
32 19 The Jos Plateau mosaic
33 19 The Mandara Plateau mosaic
34 13 Transition from South African scrub woodland to Highveld grassland
35a 14 Transition from undifferentiated woodland to Acacia deciduous bushland and wooded grassland -- Zambezian
35b 14 Transition from undifferentiated woodland to Acacia deciduous bushland and wooded grassland -- Ethiopian
35c 14 Transition from undifferentiated woodland to Acacia deciduous bushland and wooded grassland -- The Windhoek Mountains
36 15 Transition from Colophospermum mopane scrub woodland to Karoo-Namib shrubland
37 14 Acacia polyacantha secondary woodland
38 19 East African evergreen and semi-evergreen bushland and thicket
39 19 South African evergreen and semi-evergreen bushland and thicket
40 19 Itigi deciduous thicket
41 19 Malagasy deciduous thicket
42 19 Somalia-Masai Acacia-Commiphora deciduous bushland and thicket
43 14 Sahel Acacia wooded grassland and deciduous bushland
44 14 Kalahari deciduous Acacia wooded grassland and bushland
45 19 Mosaic of East African evergreen bushland and secondary Acacia wooded grassland
46 19 Mosaic of Malagasy deciduous thicket and secondary grassland
47 19 Mosaic of Brachystegia bakerana thicket and edaphic grassland
48 19 Tugela basin wooded bushland
49 15 Transition from Mediterranean Argania scrubland to succulent semi-desert shrubland
50 35 Cape shrubland (fynbos)
51 15 Bushy Karoo-Namib shrubland
52 15 Succulent Karoo shrubland
53 15 Dwarf Karoo shrubland
54a 15 Semi-desert grassland and shrubland -- Northern Sahel
54b 15 Semi-desert grassland and shrubland -- Somalia-Masai
55 15 Sub-Mediterranean semi-desert grassland and shrubland
56 15 The Kalahari/Karoo-Namib transition
57a 13 Grassy shrubland -- Montane Karoo
57b 13 Grassy shrubland -- Transition from Karoo shrubland to Highveld
58 12 Highveld grassland
59 12 Edaphic grassland on volcanic soils
60 14 Edaphic and secondary grassland on Kalahari Sand
61 12 Edaphic grassland in the Upper Nile basin
62 12 Mosaic of edaphic grassland and Acacia wooded grassland
63 14 Mosaic of edaphic grassland and communities of Acacia and broad-leaved trees
64 23 Mosaic of edaphic grassland and semi-aquatic vegetation
65 19 Altimontane vegetation in tropical Africa
66 19 Altimontane vegetation in South Africa
67 21 The Sahara Desert -- absolute desert
68a 21 The Sahara Desert -- Atlantic coastal desert
68b 21 The Sahara Desert -- Red Sea coastal desert
69 21 The Sahara Desert -- desert dunes without perennial vegetation
70 21 The Sahara Desert -- desert dunes with perennial vegetation
71 21 The Sahara Desert -- regs, hamadas, wadis
72 15 The Sahara Desert -- Saharomontane vegetation
73 -- The Sahara Desert -- oasis
74 21 The Namib Desert
75 22 Herbaceous swamp and aquatic vegetation
76 15 Halophytic vegetation
77 29 Mangrove
78 --b Mediterranean anthropic landscapes
79 --b Western sub-Mediterranean anthropic landscapes
80 --b Eastern sub-Mediterranean anthropic landscapes

Dashes indicate vegetation types which are never dominant at the 0.50 long x 0.50lat grid cell resolution.

aWhite, F. (1981) Vegetation of Africa. UNESCO, Paris, France.

bPotential vegetation (TEMVEG) estimated for all cultivated areas based on Matthews (1983).